Use of active and passive verbs

To use passive voice or not to use them

In general, sentences are either active or passive. In active sentences, the agent responsible for the action comes first in the sentence. In passive sentences, the person or thing acted upon (object) is mentioned first, and the actor is added to the end of the sentence using “by”.


Avoid ambiguity and redundancy

State promptly and clearly all the main items involved, ones including your key words. Then, when referring to these items use “this / these / such,” and offer more than just the pronoun: Save words by adding data: “This extremely effective program/model.” Make the text talk about the text itself English loves signposts, or connectives, Read more about Avoid ambiguity and redundancy[…]

General Advice for Non-Native Writers

Never translate: Of course, use your own language to take notes and write outlines. But word-for-word translation into English means that anyone’s mother tongue causes interference. This will damage your English grammar and your vocabulary. Some Finns can rapidly write letters and stories in correct, charming English, but when they write a text first in Finnish and then translate it, the result is awkward, unclear, and full of errors. […]

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