- Preliminary and comprehensive studies on the general subject
General information about a topic leads to pose a question. More information results in a more precise question.
2. Separation of the research subject from research question
The research topic is more extensive than the research question and from which several questions can be chosen.
- Time specification
Selecting a time period for a particular topic should be reasonably performed and any specifications are not acceptable.
- Content specification
It is based on cohesion and coordination, reliable connection, and the absence of contradiction in the subject details.
- Geographical specification
In this regard, the study should focus on one or more specific geographical regions.
- Multiple specifications
Two or more segmentations are simultaneously performed to limit the various aspects of a subject. The main purpose of specification is to organize the thoughts, and the conclusion can be drawn after the logical segmentations of subjects and combination of multiple questions.
- Dividing questions to sub-questions
In order to facilitate answering, the question should be divided into sub-questions, and then the most basic part should be identified. However, some questions cannot be divided into sub-questions.
- Forming a question
Posing a research statement as a question can help determine the main research question. This prepares the ground to clarify the question by introducing a preliminary response and maintain the research continuity.