How to Do Peer review?

Peer review is essentially a structured process. The more you practice it, the more expert and confident you would be. It is a constructive process. The peer review both preserves the integrity of the article and helps you develop your skills as a researcher. It a good means for advancing the skill of critical analysis, Read more about How to Do Peer review?[…]

How to write Methods section?

The method section of a papers is probably the least interesting part, yet it is essential for the progress of science and facilitates your further attempts. The requirements for Methods section of any journal can be found in “instructions to authors” guide. The purpose of Methods section The Methods section of your paper lets your Read more about How to write Methods section?[…]

How to Avoid Grammatical Errors in Your Research Papers

Research papers are very important to the career progression of scholars. The conduct of research takes so much time, effort and resources and these makes the final result valuable. Researcher are under constant pressure to publish papers. The motto ‘Publish or perish’ enforces the academicians to regularly publish research papers. Grammatical errors can needlessly delay Read more about How to Avoid Grammatical Errors in Your Research Papers[…]

Research Meta-analysis: Getting the Bigger Picture

The reproducibility crisis is not new in academic community. In order to substantiate it, the cancer researchers tried to reproduce the studies published in high ranking scientific journals, but they only succeeded to reproduce only half of the studies. This leads to lots of debates and controversies around particular theories. One of the solutions here Read more about Research Meta-analysis: Getting the Bigger Picture[…]

Qualitative Journal Assessment

Authors usually wish to publish their articles in a high rank journal. Publishing in a high rank journal not only upgrades your resume, it also brings about better job and investment opportunities. Researchers typically use Journal Impact Factor (JIF) for the general assessment of the journal. Yet JIF has its own advantages and disadvantages. Here Read more about Qualitative Journal Assessment[…]

Where do research ideas come from?

The question which research we have to do is addressed not only to the researchers but also to the policy makers and investors in health sector who must decide which studies they should encourage and support.  Good research ideas are the result of using knowledge, scientific findings, activities and attitudes of the researchers. Search in Read more about Where do research ideas come from?[…]

How Social Media Promotion Can Increase Research Citation?

Social media enable the people all around the world to have access to endless information, entertainment, news and many other subject matters. The use of social media has increased up to 65% by the year 2015. This has increasingly become important in academic community. Social media has turned to an essential means for the promotion Read more about How Social Media Promotion Can Increase Research Citation?[…]

What is Altmetrics?

Altmetrics is the abbreviation of Alternative Metrics, meaning alternate scales. The aim of Altmetrics is to measure web based research interactions including issues such as how a research gets tweeted or blogs are written about them or even gets bookmarked. As is evident by the name, Altmetrics is creation and study of new scales based Read more about What is Altmetrics?[…]

Write an effective cover letter for sending to the journal

Usually it takes months or even years to write a 5000 thousand words article and then edit and configure it according to the journal’s requirement, but you should know that for sending the article you need a cover letter. Most journals have clear-cut instructions on what should be written in a cover letter. Therefore, although Read more about Write an effective cover letter for sending to the journal[…]

The quality content of scientific journal

Quality upgrade is one the most important issues in a scientific journal in which budget and financial factors play a crucial role. Each issue should qualitatively excel the previous one and this matter of quality depends highly on the budget available to the journal. Again it must be noticed while budget plays an essential role Read more about The quality content of scientific journal[…]

Tips on Writing an Abstract for Your Article

Tips on Writing an Abstract for Your Article

In scientific journals, abstract means the summary of an article. But in the dictionary, these two words have different definitions. Sometimes they are used interchangeably in scientific texts and the same word is used for both concepts. But you must notice that this is not common and many journals distinguish between abstract and summary. The Read more about Tips on Writing an Abstract for Your Article[…]

Research Limitation

Research Limitation

Today’s article is about research limitations and the problems and obstacles that researchers face in the way of conducting their research projects. What is Research Limitation? Research limitations are factors that prevent the collection of the desired data and results. Types of Research Limitation 1. Limitations imposed by the researcher Such limitations are the result Read more about Research Limitation[…]

Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 3)

Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 3)

Data Collection Methods and Tools Levels of Measurement “Measurement” means using numbers to express the characteristics of a phenomenon. Measurement levels are as the following: Nominal – Classification based on whether or not they have an attribute or value (female employees – male employees). – You can only do calculations related to abundance about them Read more about Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 3)[…]

Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 2)

Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 2)

The Research Design The following should be considered in the design of research: Research details  Statement of the problem  Type of research Purpose of the study      2. Sampling and data collection methods: Statistical population Sample size data collection method       3. Data analysis method Data Collection and Sampling Methods Reasons for Read more about Different Parts of a Research paper (Part 2)[…]

Different Parts of a Research Paper (Part 1)

Different Parts of a Research Paper (Part 1)

Statement of the Problem This part includes the importance of the problem, the necessity of the research), the specialized limitations of the problem, etc., which should have the following characteristics: Be clear and limited. Be capable of providing hypotheses. It sould not emphasize non-scientific judgments and philosophical or mystical orientations. Be in the form of Read more about Different Parts of a Research Paper (Part 1)[…]

Types of Research

Types of Research

A. Based on Purpose Basic Research This type of research follows no personal or commercial purposes. It seeks to expand knowledge and theories in general and particular, without the immediate scientific application of research results. Applied Research The purpose here is to achieve the understanding or knowledge needed to determine how a specific need is Read more about Types of Research[…]

Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part 2)

Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part 2)

6. Find a Suitable Place for Studying It is essential to have a special place to study. The best place to study is a personal desk and a room that is separate from the rooms that are used for other purposes. It is best to have a study desk in the corner of the room Read more about Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part 2)[…]

Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part One)

Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part One)

1. Study in Short but Continuous Intervals: Based on statistics, the human mind is much more concentrated during short and frequent times periods than long ones. So even if you only have 1 hour to study, divide it into shorter intervals. It is also best to give yourself a break after every 10 minutes of Read more about Some Tips for Studying Smarter (Part One)[…]

What is Mendeley Software

What is Mendeley Software? (Part 2)

Finding Similar Articles in Mendeley Software Mendeley software has a comprehensive database so it can help you find similar articles easily. To do this, first, click on the article you want and click the “Related” button in the toolbar section above. Then Mendeley software offers similar articles by searching in its database and you can Read more about What is Mendeley Software? (Part 2)[…]

What is Mendeley Software?

What is Mendeley Software?

Mendeley is a reference manager and scientific social network that helps you organize your research and collaborate with other people online. It also assists you in finding the latest scientific research papers. This software has some powerful features that we will introduce in this article. Referencing Mendeley is a reference management software that is able Read more about What is Mendeley Software?[…]

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)

Retraction Since the retraction of an article is registered in the database, it can damage the credibility of a researcher or a journal in the long run. Thus, the reasons for retraction must be very clear and verifiable. Especially, there must be a distinction between human error and deliberate scientific misconduct. The journal can return Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)[…]

Responsibilities of the Chief Editor and the Editorial Board

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 5)

Responsibilities of the Chief Editor and the Editorial Board The chief editor of a journal is the one who is responsible for the selection of the articles. The chief editor may, at the request and guidance of the editorial board or the research sponsoring organizations, pursue specific policies regarding taking action on matters, such as Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 5)[…]

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 4)

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 4)

Overlapping Publications If the printed or electronic version of an article has been published before or is being reviewed for publication, it is unethical to submit it to another journal. Note 1: The authors of a manuscript that is being reviewed by a journal could decide to submit that manuscript to another journal for any Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 4)[…]

Deception in Research

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 3)

Deception in Research Deception is any breach or deviation from the ethics of writing and publication of scientific-research works that include the following examples: Fabrication of the data or results that are not based on actual research Fabrication of the data means the presentation of false material, data, or laboratory results as the results of Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 3)[…]

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 2)

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 2)

The corresponding author is one of the authors of a manuscript who handles correspondence and resolving ambiguities and objections raised about the manuscript or article due to her/his scholarly position and role in the conduction of the study (for example, lead author or thesis supervisor). The corresponding author is responsible for informing the other authors Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 2)[…]

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 1)

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 1)

The author(s) of a research paper must have the 4 following criteria: A) make major contributions to the research regarding the research idea, data collection, or analysis and interpretation. B) Contribute to the writing of the paper by writing a manuscript of the article or by critically reviewing it which would result in the correction Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 1)[…]

What Is the Role of the Associate Editor in Scientific Journals?

What Is the Role of the Associate Editor in Scientific Journals?

The presence of a full-time editor accompanied by at least three associate editors can play a key role in the success of any scientific journal. Usually, a scientific journal can have one or more associate editors who are selected by the journal manager. After the journal manager, an associate editor plays the most important role Read more about What Is the Role of the Associate Editor in Scientific Journals?[…]

Article writing in English

Article writing in English(Part 2)

In each of the body paragraphs (there are usually 2 or 3 body paragraphs in the article) the ideas presented in the introductory paragraph are expanded. You can expand body paragraphs by providing details and examples. For instance: When the Internet was first introduced it was used primarily by scientists, now it is common in Read more about Article writing in English(Part 2)[…]

Article writing in English

Article writing in English

Researchers who intend to present their work worldwide often face the challenge of writing in English. Most of them wish they were able to convey the concepts themselves and not through the process of translation. Good news is that it is not that difficult. The only thing that you need is relative familiarity with the Read more about Article writing in English[…]

Key points of Formal Writing (part 2)

Key points of Formal Writing (part 3)

Grammar and Structure The formal style of writing means following all the grammatical rules and laws. Thus, there should be no grammatical or structural problems in your writing. In this regard, the coherence and consistency of the text are one of the most important grammatical issues in English.  The following is an example: Wrong: The Read more about Key points of Formal Writing (part 3)[…]

Key points of Formal Writing

Key points of Formal Writing (part 2)

In this part of the article, we will discuss the key characteristics of formal writing: 1) Narration 2) Vocabulary 3) Grammar and structure 4) Personality 5) Conjunctions and Contractions 6) Punctuation These are the things you should consider when writing academic articles, and we will talk about them in detail. Below, we will outline the Read more about Key points of Formal Writing (part 2)[…]

Key points of Formal Writing

Key points of Formal Writing

When you start writing articles in English, you should use a more formal language. This needs more effort than just translation. The formal style of writing is very different from the informal style. Here in this article, we will introduce the key points of formal writing. The formal writing style is a necessity for the Read more about Key points of Formal Writing[…]

Characteristics of a Good Researcher

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 7)

Emotional Characteristics Curiosity: Unlike most people who are indifferent to common phenomena, a researcher pays attention even to the most common things. In other words, many of the things that are normal for the general public are mysterious to them.  Although the researcher cannot meditate on all matters, her mind gets full of questions and Read more about Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 7)[…]

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 6)

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 6)

I. Critical Approach to Problems Quick and easy understanding of the information provided by the professors or authors enables the researcher to pay attention to easily pass the surface and reach the deeper layers and dimensions of the issues.  So the researcher can notice issues, such as internal consistency and coherence, consistency with the previous Read more about Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 6)[…]

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 5)

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 5)

H. Holistic and Structured Approach to Understanding Problems The process of thinking, in addition to requiring the researcher’s knowledge of the available information, is only possible in the light of the integration and adjustment of information. So lack of the ability of systematic thinking not only makes thinking difficult but sometimes even makes it difficult Read more about Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 5)[…]

Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 4)

Acquired Cognitive Characteristics Mastering the Most Important Views in the Field of Study In addition to the intrinsic traits, a good researcher must have a significant set of acquired characteristics. These types of traits comprise two general categoriesof information and mental skills. Information refers to the researcher’s mastery of information about his/her field of intellectual Read more about Characteristics of a Good Researcher (Part 4)[…]

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