Types of Research

Types of Research

A. Based on Purpose Basic Research This type of research follows no personal or commercial purposes. It seeks to expand knowledge and theories in general and particular, without the immediate scientific application of research results. Applied Research The purpose here is to achieve the understanding or knowledge needed to determine how a specific need is Read more about Types of Research[…]

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)

Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)

Retraction Since the retraction of an article is registered in the database, it can damage the credibility of a researcher or a journal in the long run. Thus, the reasons for retraction must be very clear and verifiable. Especially, there must be a distinction between human error and deliberate scientific misconduct. The journal can return Read more about Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 6)[…]

Publishing Conference Papers in ISI Journals

Publishing Conference Papers in ISI Journals

Scientific research conferences are held at various regional, national, and international levels. For the conference to fall under any of the above categories, it must have certain characteristics. Conference is an official gathering of professionals and experienced people presenting new scientific projects, research results, and studies performed on a specific scientific topic in the form Read more about Publishing Conference Papers in ISI Journals[…]


Citation (Part 2)

Citation style  There are two types of citation styles: Vancouver and the Harvard. However, the Council of Science Editors (CSE) has added another style which is called the footnote reference style. Vancouver Style The Vancouver style contains sequential numbers in the text that are written in brackets or as superscript, or both. These numbers refer Read more about Citation (Part 2)[…]


Launching Manuscript Management System(Part2)

Training reviewers (if possible) could improve the quality of a journal’s reviews and moreover enhance the quality of the submitted article manuscripts. However, members of the editorial board are not qualified to train reviewers, but they can supervise their training and develop brochures or guidelines for this purpose. It is also important that both the Read more about Launching Manuscript Management System(Part2)[…]

Who Are the Editor in Chief and Managing Editor?

The editor in chief and managing editor are two completely separate jobs that sometimes have overlapping tasks. These two titles are used interchangeably because the authors and readers of scientific journals and even other types of journals do not know their differences. However, the truth is that they are two different jobs. It can be Read more about Who Are the Editor in Chief and Managing Editor?[…]

Launching Manuscript Management System(part 2)

Other types of review are listed below: Open Review: This method is used in all medical journals, such as BioMed Central and BMJ. Open Peer Review: In this method, all of the submitted articles are published and if the authors can receive favorable opinion from three members of the editorial board, their comments will be Read more about Launching Manuscript Management System(part 2)[…]

Responsibilities of a Scientific Journal Office(Part 1)

The success of a scientific journal does not only depend on its scientificity; it also requires precise and accurate management of its publication. One critical issue is managing the manuscripts of submitted or rejected articles. Generally, some of the usual responsibilities of a scientific Journal office include managing article manuscripts and other documents, assessing and Read more about Responsibilities of a Scientific Journal Office(Part 1)[…]

Different methods of publishing a scientific journal

Different methods of publishing a scientific journal

The technological revolution has changed the audiences’ expectations of the scientific journals; therefore, the publishers should consider this matter. The internet has provided scientific journals with many new opportunities and the ability to promote their work. Some of which are listed below: […]

Scientific Journal Strategies

Outlook Gathering the content related to the goals, context of activity, structure, and form of a journal makes the journal long-term outlook clear and the founders know precisely why the content should be published and how it should be presented. Who is responsible for the success or failure of a scientific journal? The answer to Read more about Scientific Journal Strategies[…]

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Articles are usually subjected to editing even if they were previously peer-reviewed. In fact, articles are usually edited for a couple of times to eliminate their probable errors. The editing process of a journal highly depends on financial resources. The journals with limited budget usually employ one editor or ask their general editorial board to do the editing. In such cases, a member of an editorial board may voluntarily provide editing services which lead to a high volume of tasks. On the other hand, they might not be highly skillful in editing resulting in obvious mistakes. In this regard, editing services are mainly provided in three different types.

Digital Object Identifier,DOI,paper editing,edit paper English,edit academic paper,research paper editing

Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

Digital Object Identifier commonly recognized as DOI is a standard number used for journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications to enhance their accessibility. In fact, DOI is a string of numbers that is exclusively assigned to each article. The DOI helps the publishers to enhance the visibility and quality of their journals.

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One of the biggest challenges for scientific journals is membership in international indexing databases.  Membership of a journal in such databases enhances the visibility, readability, and availability of articles. Indexing databases are usually classified into three groups, as follows International general databases, such as ISI Specialized databases, including Embase and MEDLINE  Databases for special locations Read more about Indexing[…]

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The content quality of a journal

The quality of a journal is an important issue, which is highly affected by the budget allocated for the journal. Generally, it is expected that each volume of the journal has a higher quality than the previously published volume.  Although having sufficient financial resource is of utmost importance, it is not the only condition for the high quality of a journal. In fact, what counts for the quality of a journal is the right management of an allocated budget.

Declaration of Helsinki,research paper editing,edit academic paper,edit paper English

Declaration of Helsinki

Regarding the ethical issues in research, this Declaration was first adopted by the World Medical Association in 1964 at Helsinki to guide the biomedical researchers working with human participants. There were some modifications to the Declaration of Helsinki and the final revision was made in 2000 in Scotland. During 2002 and 2004, two clauses were added to two principles in this declaration. This declaration includes 32 articles in 3 sections. The following part explains some of the principals mentioned in the Declaration of Helsinki. 


Observational studies

The main aim of these studies is not only to describe and express the status of the present situation, but also to identify and compare the relationships between two or more variables and their impact in different groups.

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