How to avoid plagiarism

Plagiarism is defined as using the whole or part of the texts or ideas published or unpublished by other individuals without mentioning the source in the proper manner or obtaining permission in case of necessity.

plagiarism preventionUsing the original or translated version of the authors’ published texts should be in accordance with the following criteria.

  1. If the form, table, questionnaire, and significant part of a text or its translation are used as a direct quotation, in addition to inserting the text in quotation marks and mentioning the source, the written consent should be obtained from the author of the original
  2. If a minor part of text or translation is used as a quotation, the exact text should be inserted in quotation marks and the source should be mentioned.
  3. If the text or the translation is used in form of a paraphrasing, concluding, and idea making the source should be mentioned.
  4. If a part of text used is changed in detail, for example, in terms of changing a few words or time of the verbs and using the equivalents, also the items related to direct quoting should be followed.

This issue is also true about the published articles of the authors. Paraphrasing the text should not be in such a way as to contradict the writings of the original authors and the main ideas. Any statement quoted in the handwritten form or any method used to obtain the results, if it is not related to the general and obvious knowledge of the audience it should be mentioned with the reference.

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