Plagiarism refers to the use of ideas and phrases of other authors, whether published or unpublished, without providing the credit of the original author.
Plagiarism entails several categories:
- Direct quoting (copy & paste): This kind of plagiarism is less likely to occur due to its quick detection by the software.
- Paraphrasing: The text is a full copy of an old one, and the author exerts only small changes.
- Incorrect citing: In order to avoid this type of plagiarism, in case of using a copied but paraphrased text, the author should add the appropriate reference number at the end of the sentence and provide the reference list at the end of the article.
- Non-use of quotation mark: If the text of the published article is exactly used in the new article, it should be placed in quotation marks.
- Copying from multiple sources: In this type of plagiarism, each paragraph is copied from one article.
- Mosaic plagiarism: The author irregularly uses the sentences or paragraphs of published articles.
- Stealing idea: A person uses the idea of another person without his/her permission and even without mentioning his name in the article.
- Inaccurate authorship: This type of plagiarism involves the insertion of the name of the authors who did not have a role in any part of the study or removal of an author’s name without his/her permission.
- Self-plagiarism: The author uses his/her previous published articles without providing a reference or paraphrasing