Research is the process of information processing, the most important characteristic of which is the reproduction of science. Research has a collective identity.
What is found in books and resources is data. After measurement and selection, data are converted into information. By processing information and analyzing them in the article, science is produced. Research is the production process of science, contrary to the expansion of others’ information that is development, not research. The researcher is like a honey bee that produces something new, not an ant that only aggregates information.
A research paper should be innovative. Finding something new in the history of science, which did not exist before, is a challenging issue.This innovation is not only theorization, it can be a new language, a new method, a new problem, or a new definition in the history of science. If the orientation of the article is not promotional and informative, the scientific journals do not publish it