Ethics in research

Role and responsibility of a reviewer

Ethics in researchThe reviewers who accept to review a manuscript should judge it impartially and objectively according to the scientific and technical features of the manuscript. Accordingly, they should not be influenced by their close relationships with the authors or other factors. In case of any conflicts of interest, the reviewers can refuse to review the manuscript or clearly disclose the conflicts of interest to the editor-in-chief.

The reviewers and authors should not communicate with each other during the review process without getting permission from the editor-in-chief of the relevant journal. If the reviewers do not have the scientific or technical competence required for the accurate judgement of all or part of the manuscript, they must inform the editor-in-chief.

The manuscript sent for peer-review process should be considered by the reviewer as a confidential text; therefore, its content should not be shared with anyone. If the reviewers feel the need to consult with another reviewer, which involves the disclosure of the content of the article, permission should be obtained from the editor-in-chief of the journal.

The reviewers should consider the strengths and weaknesses of the article and, if possible, recommend some solutions to improve the manuscript. In case of accepting a peer review, the reviewer must perform it within the specified time.

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