Responsibilities of the Chief Editor and the Editorial Board
- The chief editor of a journal is the one who is responsible for the selection of the articles. The chief editor may, at the request and guidance of the editorial board or the research sponsoring organizations, pursue specific policies regarding taking action on matters, such as unprofessional conduct, royalties issues, and plagiarism. In such cases, they may consult with the editorial board or the sponsoring organizations to make a proper decision.
- The chief editor should assure his/her audience that the reviewing process of the manuscripts will be fair, impartial, and timely. Research articles should be reviewed by at least two independent and external reviewers, and if necessary the editor can consult other experts.
- The chief editor or the scientific editor should select a reviewer who is an expert in the field of the article. Moreover, they should try to avoid selecting unprofessional reviewers. The chief editor should examine any conflicts of interest, read the comments of the reviewers with great precision, and ensure that the reviewing is impartial.
- The chief editor should review the manuscripts regardless of the race, ethnicity, gender, religious, citizenship, or political beliefs of its authors.
- Scientific editors and chief editors must keep any information about the manuscript, its corresponding author, reviewers, and potential reviewers confidential.
- Any conflict of interest regarding the chief editor and the editorial board should be communicated to the publisher. The publisher can, if necessary, publish this piece of information.
- The chief editor or any member of the editorial board should not take any special action regarding an article written by themselves, their families, colleagues, or anyone with whom they have a personal relationship. Such an article should be treated like the rest of the usual articles.
- The editor in chief should take reasonable action regarding the violation of research ethics. These actions generally involve contacting the corresponding author and, if necessary, the affiliated centers and institutes. If confirmed, one of the following must be done by the journal:
- Indication of concern by writing a related note
- Taking action even if a long time has passed after its publication
- Protection of the published articles
- The Editor should protect articles published in the journal by reviewing and investigating the violations of research ethics (regarding research, publication, reviewing, and editorial performance) by consultation with the publisher or sponsoring organization.
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