- The corresponding author is one of the authors of a manuscript who handles correspondence and resolving ambiguities and objections raised about the manuscript or article due to her/his scholarly position and role in the conduction of the study (for example, lead author or thesis supervisor). The corresponding author is responsible for informing the other authors about the important comments and for establishing a relationship between them.
- It is not ethical to state unreal affiliation to an institution, center, or department that has no role in the original research work or in the professional activity of the author. According to the flowchart of COPE, this issue is legally pursuable.
- The authors of scientific research reports must present a reasonable report of their work and judge the importance of their study impartially. The primary data should be appropriately stated in the article. Moreover, the article should have enough detail and resources to make it reliable. Deceit and purposeful inclusion of inappropriate content are unethical and unacceptable. According to the flowchart of COPE, this issue is legally pursuable.
- The journal might need the authors to submit the data of their research as well. Thus, they must be ready to make data accessible so they must keep the data for even years after the publication of the paper.
15.1. If the research involves chemicals, processes, and devices that can pose an unusual danger, the author should point them out clearly.
15.2. If the research involves working on human or animal subjects, the author must show that the manuscript contains a statement indicating that all processes have been following relevant laws and guidelines and have been approved by the relevant organizations. The author should have statements in the text showing that written consent has been obtained for the human participants. Besides, private human rights must be respected.
- Transparency should be of primary importance in clinical trials. The content must be clear and confidential.
17.1. When an author finds a significant error in her/his published article, it is her/his duty to notify the chief editor or publisher and cooperate with the journal to retrieve, correct, or delete the article.
17.2. If the chief editor or publisher becomes aware of this subject by a third party, it is the responsibility of the author to work with the chief editor and provide the journal with the needed information.
- Improving, blurring, moving, deleting, and adding to images are not permitted. Changing brightness, sharpness, or color is allowed as long as the image does not blur or its information is not lost. Image enhancement is accepted, but its manipulation for other purposes is considered unethical in publishing and is legally pursuable.
- The author(s) must inform the journal if they find any errors or inaccuracies in their article. Moreover, they should try to correct it, or retrieve the article with the consent of the journal.
- The author(s) must refrain from the “unethical behavior in publishing and research”. If at any point during the process of submission, review, editing, or publication of an article in the journals or thereafter, an unethical behavior takes place, the journal has the right to legally pursue it.