Authorship Ethics in Research (Part 1)

  1. The author(s) of a research paper must have the 4 following criteria:
  2. A) make major contributions to the research regarding the research idea, data collection, or analysis and interpretation.
  3. B) Contribute to the writing of the paper by writing a manuscript of the article or by critically reviewing it which would result in the correction of the scientific content of the article.
  4. C) Read and approve the final version of the article.
  5. D) Accept the responsibility of all the aspects of the article, including the accuracy and reliability of its content.
  1. The names of all persons who meet the authorship criteria should be mentioned as the author of the article, even if they no longer collaborate with that center or research team, for any reason.
  1. In large-scale research that is conducted by a research team and whose writers are experts, the contribution and responsibility of each author is limited to his or her own field of expertise. In such cases, the principal researcher(s) will select the person responsible for the entire paper.
  1. The order of the names of the authors is unanimously determined by the level of participation of each individual. The person who has contributed most to the research and writing of the manuscript will be the lead author.
  1. The authors’ disagreement about the order of the appearance of their names in the article after its submission to the journal can only be pursued by the corresponding author. The chief editor of the journal is responsible for making the final decision.
  1. Only the corresponding author can request the removal of the author(s)’s name after submitting the article to the journal . The consent of all the authors in necessary in this regard and the chielf editor of the journal makes the final decision.
  1. The authors must report any conflicts they encounter after the submission of the article to the journal in written form. The journals suspend the reviewing of the article until the conflict is resolved. The author(s) are not allowed to submit the article to another journal. If the journal confirms the conflict, the chief editor will investigate the matter.
  1. Addition, removal, or any alteration in the order of the authors’ names after the paper’s submission to the journal is a conflict of interest.
  1. The names of all those who have made a significant contribution to the study but did not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in the acknowledgments section, accompanied by the type of their contribution.
  1. If the journal suspects the existence of a ghost author, it is necessary to request the necessary documents. If there is evidence that one of the contributing authors does not exist, the corresponding author must notify the journal by submitting a request for change. According to the flowcharts of COPE, this issue can be legally pursued.

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