research paper structure

The structure of a research paper

Academic papers are written based on a conventional pattern of format and language. In fact, most journals provide authors with guidelines for font type, font size, margin, spacing, etc. They can also have specific guidelines about the outline and structure of the article. In addition, some journals might have rules about the structure of each Read more about The structure of a research paper[…]

scientific conference

Why Should You Organize a Scientific Conference or Workshop?

Researchers often focus so much on laboratory work and publishing papers that they often forget another important aspect of a successful profession: professional networking! One way to get out of the lab and meet new colleagues is to hold a conference or workshop. Conferences are usually large events focused on presenting research, while workshops are Read more about Why Should You Organize a Scientific Conference or Workshop?[…]

copyright

ResearchGate Removed 1.7 Million Articles in a Copyright Dispute

ResearchGate finally surrendered to the copyright violation charges after a dispute with publication giants, such as Elsevier and Wiley. It was decided that this site should restrict access to approximately 1.7 million online articles. The publishers considered this a great victory on their side. Read this post to find out more about ResearchGate and its Read more about ResearchGate Removed 1.7 Million Articles in a Copyright Dispute[…]

opinion article

What is an Opinion Article?

People write opinion articles to share their views on a contemporary issue. But these articles should also have a significant contribution to the repository of scientific texts. In addition, unlike scientific research articles, opinion articles are more concise and have a clear view. In fact, they should provide a balanced view of the topic in Read more about What is an Opinion Article?[…]

Paper mills

Paper Mills: A Rising Concern in the Academic Community

A good publication record is one of the essential criteria for promotion, becoming a faculty member, and earning grants for future projects. The pressure to publish more articles leads the researchers towards engagement in unethical practices, such as buying fake research papers. Academic fraud, including data distortion, image manipulation, and fake peer review, has plagued Read more about Paper Mills: A Rising Concern in the Academic Community[…]

Statistical analysis

Statistical Errors to Avoid When Writing Your Manuscript

Research, reproducibility, and reliability. These are the keywords when it comes to good science. As scientists, we try to prove that our results are significantly different. My colleague wished there was a “Journal of Negative Results,” a journal in which tests that did not work were published. Therefore, people would not spend their time trying Read more about Statistical Errors to Avoid When Writing Your Manuscript[…]

online defense session

Virtual Defense: Tips for Successfully Defending Your Thesis Online

Defending a master’s or doctoral thesis is an important event that you have been anticipating for years. This is the day you want to proudly share your work with anyone who has been a part of this adventure. Supervisors and colleagues are eager to hear the main applications and key concepts of your research. Everything Read more about Virtual Defense: Tips for Successfully Defending Your Thesis Online[…]

self-plagiarism

How Much Self-Plagiarism Is Allowed?

Most researchers believe that plagiarism can never be accepted. They also agree that some types of plagiarism are more serious than others. For example, complete plagiarism is when a person takes a project or article written by another person and submits it as their own name. This is more serious than accidental plagiarism in which Read more about How Much Self-Plagiarism Is Allowed?[…]

co-author

How do Find the Perfect Research Co-author?

Recently, there has been an increase in the number of articles written by several authors in various academic disciplines. The knowledge that is shared in teams expands the scope of science. Collaborating and co-writing with other researchers has many benefits. For instance, it makes the research more efficient because each writer brings his/her expertise into Read more about How do Find the Perfect Research Co-author?[…]

citation generators

Are Online Citation Generators Useful?

When preparing a manuscript, a citation generator can help you create a list of references and citations based on your preferred style. Scientific research is sometimes based on the findings of previous research. There are various online citation generators, such as Easybib, Bibme, and Cite This For Me. Aside from original research, review articles can Read more about Are Online Citation Generators Useful?[…]

research methodology

What is Research Methodology?

Research methodology is defined as a systematic way to solve a research problem by collecting data using various techniques, providing an interpretation of the collected data, and drawing conclusions about the research data. A research method is fundamentally the blueprint of the research or study. Methodology vs. Methods “Methodology” and “methods” are mistaken for each Read more about What is Research Methodology?[…]

Fast Publication

Need Fast Publication? Read This Article

During the COVID-19 epidemic, the need for fast publication of papers was felt more urgent than before. There are obvious benefits to publishing research results as soon as possible. For instance, researchers can share important discoveries with each other and with the general public around the world. At best they can help the efforts made Read more about Need Fast Publication? Read This Article[…]

peer-review

When Can Peer-Reviewer Comments Be Modified by Journal Editors?

For a young researcher, any paper that gets published is very important. As any researcher knows, writing a paper requires a lot of time and resources. When a paper gets to peer examination, the author eagerly awaits the results. The next step is to closely read through all of the peer review comments and do Read more about When Can Peer-Reviewer Comments Be Modified by Journal Editors?[…]

meical databases

ISI, Scopus, or PubMed: How to Select the Best Journal Based on Its Indexing?

As science becomes increasingly collaborative and inter-disciplinary, researchers have to ensure that critical research is tapped in time! Researchers who want to publish their studies try to find a journal that is indexed by prominent and leading databases. Indexing is crucial for the credibility, outreach, and reputation of the journal which has a significant influence Read more about ISI, Scopus, or PubMed: How to Select the Best Journal Based on Its Indexing?[…]

article outline

Eight Steps to Developing an Effective Outline

Preparing an effective outline is the most important step in the process of producing a manuscript for publication in a journal. The outline bears roughly the same relation to the final manuscript as an architectural blueprint does to a finished house. The purpose of an outline is to divide the writing of the entire paper Read more about Eight Steps to Developing an Effective Outline[…]

wiring clearly

Writing Clearly

Writing clearly means presenting your argument and evidence logically and creatively. If you put your noteworthy arguments in embellished prose, it might not attract enough attention. But it should be noted that clear writing needs effort. In addition to a knowledge of basic grammar and syntax, it requires a good ear, a sense of proportion, Read more about Writing Clearly[…]

negative results

Can Negative Results Be Significant?

Any scientific research involves testing a hypothesis through an experiment. If the results of the experiment support the hypothesis, it is considered positive and worthy of publication. However, if the results of the experiment contradict the expectations of the researchers, it means that the hypothesis was wrong. These findings are called negative results and most journals do Read more about Can Negative Results Be Significant?[…]

Using DOI in Citations

DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier and is a string of letters, numbers and symbols used for identification of an article or document and link to it on the web. By the help of a DOI your reader will be able to locate a document from your citation. Consider DOI as a Social Security number Read more about Using DOI in Citations[…]

About Peer Review

Many journals use peer review process as a screening process for manuscripts.  In majority of cases, students and young researchers try to publish their work without knowing anything about the peer review process. Peer review is the process of research evaluation and assessment by experts in a specific academic disciplines. Therefore, This process is often Read more about About Peer Review[…]

Tips for Producing an Effective Draft

To write the first draft you need to have detailed notes. If you not have a case at present, preparation of an outline for each section including major headings, sub-headings and paragraphs containing different points may help. At this stage you should turn your notes and outline into a narration. Some people believe that it Read more about Tips for Producing an Effective Draft[…]

responding to reviewers

How to Respond to Reviewers

You will receive a letter with some comments from the editor after the submission of your manuscript to your target journal. This letter either means to accept or reject your submitted manuscript. But how to respond to reviewers? If the editor has decided to reject your manuscript, he usually gives some reasons for the decision. Read more about How to Respond to Reviewers[…]

Editing services

How Editing Services Improve Your Work

It surprises me when I see authors think that they can edit their own manuscript. It is good to know that professional authors and PhD candidates usually hire professional editing services. Editing services will improve the quality of your academic papers, thesis, business documents and book manuscripts. Perhaps you believe that your English is good Read more about How Editing Services Improve Your Work[…]

How to Write an Abstract?

Researchers write abstracts to make a selection of their work for presentation at scientific gatherings such as conferences and seminars. Writing a good abstract is not an easy task and many young researchers have no idea how to summarize the results of so many months of work into 300 to 400 words. Nonetheless, mastering the Read more about How to Write an Abstract?[…]

The Things You Should Know about Indexing

Authors in recent years have been more and more looking for indexed journals to publish their articles and prestigious journals are those that are covered by a number of abstracting and indexing services. In fact, the higher the number the more prestigious is considered the journal. But what is an “Index Journal”?  In the forthcoming Read more about The Things You Should Know about Indexing[…]

DRJI

Journal Indexing and DRJI Scores

Publishing scientific articles in indexed journals have one definite advantage: It ensures that all subscribers to that journal will read and cite your work. Because of the high number of journals, the number of subscribers to the journal may not be very high. Some researchers may not have subscription to indexed journals; so, how do Read more about Journal Indexing and DRJI Scores[…]

COPE

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

COPE stands for “the Committee on Publication Ethics” and is a forum of peer-reviewed journals to talk over matters related to the integrity of the scientific record. COPE encourages editors to report ethical problems in the publication process. In concordance with Elsevier’s commitment to support journal’s editor in controlling the cases of violation of publication Read more about Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)[…]

The Effect of Self-Retraction on the Researchers’ Career?

What would you do if you realize that you made a mistake in the process of the research you had conducted which undermines the results of your published paper. This could be an error in labeling. Therefore, the cell lines you worked on were not the ones you believed to be. You think about the Read more about The Effect of Self-Retraction on the Researchers’ Career?[…]

Figures and Tables in a Manuscript

When drafting your manuscript, there may be information that needed to be in a figure or table. The first thing that you should do is to decide which suits your purpose better. Tables are suitable for data having lots of variables or categories or the values that have the same pattern. Figures are proper for Read more about Figures and Tables in a Manuscript[…]

Social media

Social Media for Promoting Your Research

Using social media is an effective way for promoting your research since it allows you to have a direct access to your audience and offers a great platform to improve your journal’s profile. Your subject expertise, as an editor or author, enables you to promote your paper on social media. The following five tips give Read more about Social Media for Promoting Your Research[…]

Writing a Research Article

Writing a Research Article

 After you have completed your study and got your conclusion, you want to inform the world about your findings. In order to do that you must extract a research article from your study and submit it to a right journal. As you may already know, the articles have the basic IMRAD structure (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion). In some Read more about Writing a Research Article[…]

Finding the Key Message

Communicating the key message is one of the most important parts of paper writing that is often overlooked. The busy reader of today’s world needs to absorb your message in the shortest time possible. They don’t have time for you to beat around the bush. Therefore, think about your central message carefully. Here are some Read more about Finding the Key Message[…]

key message

Finding the Key Message

Communicating your key message is one of the most important parts of paper writing that is often overlooked. The busy reader of today’s world needs to absorb your message in the shortest time possible. They don’t have time for you to beat around the bush. Therefore, think about your central message carefully. Here are some Read more about Finding the Key Message[…]

Study limitations

Limitations of a Study

After analyzing the results, you are ready to announce everyone what you have found. It is important to persuade editors, peer reviewers and readers. You must also be ready to inform them about the limitations of your study. How to write about the limitations of a study No research is perfect, no matter how obsessively Read more about Limitations of a Study[…]

research background

Writing the Background of Your Study

The background of every study is the story existing behind it and usually comes in the introduction of a paper or thesis, though it is possible to elaborate on it later in the discussion section. Regardless of where you present your research background, you must concentrate on key goals in presenting it. The reason for Read more about Writing the Background of Your Study[…]

abstract vs.introduction

Differences Between Abstract and Introduction of a Research Paper

The essential difference between abstract and introduction is that the abstract is a short summary of your entire study in this order: The objective of study, methods, results and conclusion. It shows the high points of your study plus a very brief background information.  The introduction, on the other hand contains only some elements of Read more about Differences Between Abstract and Introduction of a Research Paper[…]

Where do research ideas come from?

The question which research we have to do is addressed not only to the researchers but also to the policy makers and investors in health sector who must decide which studies they should encourage and support.  Good research ideas are the result of using knowledge, scientific findings, activities and attitudes of the researchers. Search in Read more about Where do research ideas come from?[…]

citation

Citation of the DOI of a Journal Article

DOI (digital object identifier) is an identification code for published works like journals. The code was developed and implemented in the year 2000 by the International DOI Foundation (IDF) and is assigned by the publisher. A DOI is created by a registration agency (Crossref) involving an alphanumeric code beginning with “10” and a prefix of four Read more about Citation of the DOI of a Journal Article[…]

article title

How to Develop an Effective Article Title?

The article title represents your manuscript content in a fewest possible words. Whether or not the readers read your work, an effective title instantly “sells” it to the reader. The title is crucial in drawing reader’s attention to your manuscript, especially if the searched database does not contain the abstract of the article. It should Read more about How to Develop an Effective Article Title?[…]

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